Georgia Department of Agriculture

Georgia Agricultural Facts and Firsts

  • 1735--Georgia was the first colony to cultivate grapes.
  • 1735--The first agricultural experiment farm and station was established in Savannah.
  • 1735--The first silk from the colonies was sent from Savannah and made into a dress for the Queen of England.
  • 1738--Georgia was the first British colony to outlaw the sale of rum.
  • 1755--The first export of cattle from America was from Savannah.
  • 1785--Georgia was the first state to charter a state university, the University of Georgia
  • 1788--The first export of cotton to England was from St. Simons Island.
  • 1793--The first cotton gin was invented near Savannah by Eli Whitney and put into operation near Washington, Georgia.
  • 1810--The first successfully operated cotton mill in the South, the Bolton factory, was built in Wilkes County.
  • 1874--Georgia was the first state to create a state Department of Agriculture.
  • 1893--Georgia Congressman Tom Watson secured the first federal appropriation for Rural Free Delivery.  The service was started in 1896.
  • 1906--The first southern school of forestry was established at the University of Georgia. 
  • 1959--The first state forestry center and forest fire lab were established in Macon.
  • The Elberta peach, developed by Samuel Rumph of Marshalville and named for his wife, greatly popularized peaches in northern markets.
  • Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of the United States, grew up on a peanut farm in the small farming community of Plains, Georgia.
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